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Cocaine, also known as coke, C, snow, flake, or blow, is a powerfully addictive stimulant drug made from the leaves of the coca plant. It produces short-term euphoria and a temporary boost in energy, talkativeness, and confidence, in addition to potentially dangerous physical effects like increased heart rate and blood pressure. Cocaine can take the form of a powder that is inhaled through the nose snorted or dissolved in water and injected into the bloodstream. Since the high from cocaine lasts such a short time, people often use it in a binge pattern. The high from snorting cocaine lasts about 15 to 30 minutes; the high from smoking or injecting the drug produces a more intense high that lasts five to 10 minutes. Since the high from cocaine lasts such a short time, people often use it in a binge pattern, taking Coke head nose drug repeatedly at increasingly higher doses.
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Prolonged use of cocaine endangers your physical, mental and emotional health, and can harm your relationships, finances and work performance. Pure cocaine is a flakey white powder derived from the coca plant of South America. In the s, the U. By the s, people were taking the illicit drug as a "feel-good" stimulant in order to party all night—but not without unpleasant and harmful short- and long-term risks, including addiction and lethal heart attacks, seizures and strokes. Inthe U. Drug Enforcement Administration categorized cocaine as a Schedule II drug under the Controlled Substances Act due to the high potential for abuse and other dangerous health ramifications.
As a Schedule II drug, Coke head nose is a felony. There are three forms of cocaine: cocaine hydrochloride white crystalline powder often mixed or cut with other substancesfreebase a pure form, free of the hydrochloride additive and crack cocaine white or pinkish crystals extracted from the powder with baking soda and heat. The hydrochloride powder form is most commonly inhaled or snorted through the nose—although it can be rubbed on the gums, swallowed, or melted and dissolved in liquid, then injected with a needle directly into the vein.
Freebase and crack cocaine are usually smoked. When processed into yellow or pale pink rock crystals, the Coke head nose crack cocaine is formed, also referred to simply as crack or "rock.
Crack is typically smoked in a pipe, or sprinkled on marijuana or tobacco, and smoked like a cigarette. Crack is the most potent and most addictive form of cocaine, according to the Manual of Substance Abuse Treatment. The high comes on fast and produces intense reactions.
What is cocaine?
Long-term effects can be fatal. Reactions to cocaine use are different for each person. Common physical side effects include sweating, changes to heart rhythm, rapid breathing, feeling very hot or very cold, nausea, dizziness or muscle weakness. While high on cocaine, some individuals report feeling more energetic, alert and talkative, while others feel anxious and on-edge. The high comes on almost immediately and lasts 15 to 30 minutes.
What you need to know about the dangers and side effects of drug use
When the high fades, a "crash" typically follows. During this time, a person might feel depressed or suicidal, anxious, paranoid or psychotic, and crave more of the drug. Following prolonged use, individuals can become tolerant to the effects and "binge"—taking more and more of the substance to keep the high going—for hours or even days.
This is the vicious cycle of addiction.
Cocaine addiction treatment options
Over time, the brain receptors may become desensitized to the Coke head nose rush of dopamine that cocaine causes. The reward circuit eventually adapts to the extra dopamine caused by the drug, becoming steadily less sensitive to it. As a result, people take stronger and more frequent doses to feel the same high they did initially and to obtain relief from withdrawal. Drug paraphernalia—needles, pipes, spoons, small plastic bags and razor blades—can be indications of cocaine use. Rolled up dollar bills used to snort lines of cocaine and white residue found on flat surfaces such as hand-held mirrors, magazines or books can be other tell-tale s.
Physical s include:.
Effects of cocaine use
Prolonged cocaine use can negatively affect mental health and psychological well-being, as well. Changes in behavior can include extreme mood swings—from on-top-of-the-world feelings of grandiosity, to hostility and isolation; financial stresses, whether related to obtaining the costly drug or because of issues maintaining employment frequently calling in sick, missing deadlines or not showing up at all ; and mental health symptoms of depression, paranoia or anxiety, even when not under the influence. Many who struggle with cocaine addiction benefit from integrated treatment for co-occurring substance and mental health disorders.
For some individuals, seeking the next high becomes all-consuming, even at the expense of family or work responsibilities. Some people become unreliable and dishonest, and resort to stealing to fund their substance use. In a study presented to the American Heart Association, Australian researchers described cocaine as "the perfect heart attack drug.
Cocaine taxes the cardiovascular system when blood vessels thicken, reducing the flow of oxygen to the heart. In turn, the heart muscle works harder. Cocaine is a vasoconstrictor, which makes the heart pump faster while narrowing the blood vessels. Long-term use can lead to atherosclerosis Coke head nose coronary artery disease, or hardening of the arteries or capillaries—the leading cause of death for both men and women in the U.
When powder cocaine is snorted, blood vessels in the lining of Coke head nose nose shrink and then widen, resulting in a red, runny, stuffed-up nose. After repeated use, the blood vessels can become permanently damaged, affecting the cocaine user's sense of smell.
Snorting the drug can also cause a loss of blood supply to the septum Coke head nose thin dividing wall between the nostrils that supports the bridge of the nosecausing the wall to disintegrate. When the septum becomes weakened, the bridge of the nose can actually collapse.
Smoking crack can cause "crack lung," with potentially fatal symptoms including severe chest pains, high body temperatures and issues breathing. Injecting the drug can cause infections and increased risk of hepatitis or HIV through sharing needles. Absolutely not. Mixing the two substances can create cocaethylene, which has a toxic effect on the liver and heart, dangerously affects heart rate and rhythm, and increases the risk of heart attack or stroke.
The combination of cocaine, a central nervous system stimulant, with heroin, an opioid depressant, is commonly referred to as a "speedball. This logic is twisted and dangerous.
In actuality, the stimulant causes the body to use more oxygen, while the depressant reduces the rate of breathing. This "push-pull" reaction can lead to stroke, aneurysm, uncoordinated motor skills and fatal consequences, like respiratory failure. In recent years, a growing of dealers and traffickers have started mixing fentanyl, a synthetic opioid Coke head nose reliever, with cocaine and other drugs. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "Fentanyl is 50 times more potent than heroin and times more potent than morphine.
If cocaine is contaminated with illicit fentanyl, overdose can result in cardiac arrest or permanent brain damage. There's no way to tell if the drug is laced. Overdose s include everything from unpleasant or uncomfortable physical symptoms to lethal heart attack or stroke. Here are the most common s:. In the event of an overdose, medical professionals try to restore blood flow to the heart, stop the seizure or restore blood supply to the brain. Some overdose patients respond favorably Coke head nose the drug naloxone.
The physical treatment starts with clearing the toxic effects of cocaine from the body, known as detoxification or " detox. Cocaine withdrawal can range from a few days to months. The risk of returning to use increases during this time as the body attempts to rebalance.
Five s of cocaine abuse
Strong cravings for the drug typically come when cocaine use stops, with withdrawal symptoms occurring in phases, starting a day or two after last use and lasting up to 10 weeks. These phases can include:. Addiction is a complex, multi-faceted chronic disease. While there isn't a "cure," substance use disorders formerly referred to as substance abuse can be successfully managed and treated.
What is cocaine?
Addiction treatment at Hazelden Betty Ford addresses all facets of recovery through science-based assessmentsmedication-assisted treatment and evidence-based practices, and offers programming to address mental, emotional and spiritual health. Integrated care focuses on healing the body, mind and spirit. Mental health professionals work in tandem with addiction counselors to address co-occurring mental health disorders such as anxiety, depression, trauma, bi-polar disorder and other conditions.
Coke head nose outpatient and residential addiction treatment programs throughout the country, Hazelden Betty Ford offers every patient the very best chance for lifelong recovery.
For more information, or call The Hazelden Betty Ford Foundation is a force of healing and hope for individuals, families and communities affected by addiction to alcohol and other drugs. As the nation's leading nonprofit provider of comprehensive inpatient and outpatient treatment for adults and youth, the Foundation has 17 locations nationwide and collaborates with an expansive network throughout health care.
With a legacy that began in and includes the founding of the Betty Ford Center, the Foundation today also encompasses a graduate school of addiction studies, a publishing division, an addiction research center, recovery advocacy and thought leadership, professional and medical education programs, school-based prevention resources and a specialized program for children who grow up in families with addiction. Cocaine Addiction.
What you need to know about the dangers and side effects of drug use Prolonged use of cocaine endangers your physical, mental and emotional health, and can harm your relationships, finances and work performance. What is cocaine? What are the behavioral and physical effects of cocaine? Is cocaine addictive? Both crack cocaine and cocaine can be extremely dangerous, whether used once or more frequently. Is it safe to use cocaine with alcohol?
What happens when you mix cocaine and heroin? Why is fentanyl added to cocaine, and what are the potential consequences? What are the s of cocaine overdose?
Here are the most common s: An elevated heart rate or irregular heart rhythm High blood pressure Feeling shaky Difficulty breathing Blurred vision Extreme anxiety Feeling disoriented or confused Hallucinations Heart attacks Seizures Strokes In the event of an overdose, medical professionals try to restore blood flow to the heart, stop the seizure or restore blood supply to the brain. If you suspect an overdose, call immediately.
What is the most effective treatment for cocaine abuse or addiction? What are the most common cocaine withdrawal symptoms? If you or a loved one is struggling with addiction get the help you need and deserve.